Korea UNESCO nature heritage sites are 2 are Jeju Volcanic Island and Lava Tubes & Getbol, Korean Tidal Flats. Jeju is the southen island in Korea and the other is located in Korea west-Southen province.
Korean UNESCO nature heritage Getbol(갯벌) -1
Getbol means mudflat. Among of 5 Korea UNESCO nature heritages mudflat(Seocheon Getbol, Gochang Getbol, Shinan Getbol and Boseong-Suncheon Getbol), Sinan Getbol cover the largest area of around 1,000 square kilometers.(about 85% of 4 all Getbol size) Others are much smaller, covering 60 square kilometers. They were designated on 2021 by UNESCO
“Getbol” The Location Information
– Seocheon Tidal Flat: Yeonan Wetland of Songnim-ri in Seocheon, Chungcheongnam-do
-Sinan Tidal Flat: Jungdo-myeon in Shinan, Jeollanam-do
-Gochang Tidal Flat: Heungdeok-myeong, Buan-myeon, and Simwon-myeon in Gochang, Jeollanam-do
-Boseong Tidal Flat: Beolgyo-eup in Boseong, Jeollanam-
– Suncheon Tidal Flat: 513-25, Suncheonman-gil, Suncheon, Jeollanam-do
The Value of “Getbol”, Korean Tidal Flats
Getbol itself is a natural breakwater that prevents typhoons and floods, and hundreds of millions of plankton live in Getbol of 1 gram, which produces a lot of oxygen and has the ability to purify pollutants. There are living a lot of various ocean lifes. So ecomonically, it also has a high value & worth for the people living there. Korea Getbol is the Outstanding Universal Value of the getbol as one of the world’s most important stopover sites for migratory birds,”
The features of Getbols
Korea UNESCO nature heritages”Getbol” listed this time are rich in biodiversity, reflecting the importance of being a major stopover point for long-distance migratory birds traveling between the northern and southern hemispheres. The site hosts high levels of biodiversity, with reports of 2,150 species of flora and fauna, including 22 globally threatened or near-threatened species. It is home to 47 endemic and five endangered marine invertebrate species besides a total of 118 migratory bird species for which the site provides critical habitats. It demonstrates the link between geodiversity and biodiversity, and demonstrates the dependence of cultural diversity and human activity on the natural environment.
It is like a very long beach with significant high tide and low tide. Gochang Tidal Flat Wetland is located in Gomso Bay and is one of the important tidal flats for migratory waterbirds along the west coast of Korea.
It is one of the three largest migratory birds in korea, so in winter, many migratory birds come to visit. on january 29, 2008, the ministry of land and maritime affairs designated 16.5㎢ of tidal flats as wetland reserves area. On december 2, 2009, it was registered as the 13th ramsar wetland in korea. the registration area is 15.3㎢.
It is the largest Korea UNESCO natural heritages of Getbol in Korea, which has large and small tides that pass among many islands and islands, and have unique features such as the pearl mudflats which are developed around the island and are up to 40 meters deepth, and unique sand dunes on the mudflats. In addition, more than 54,000 water birds, including 14 IUCN red lists, visit the mudflats, which are of high value in the world.
Pear mudflat means containing 90% mud.
Boseong-Suncheon Getbol(Mudflat) is the place where the journey of mudflat sediments started from the Geumgang River ends, showing a wide range of salt wetlands and an excellent colony of salt plants. Boseong Mudflat is the final destination of floating deposits originating from the Geumgang River in connection with the nearby Suncheon Mudflat, and is a collection of fine and fine sediments around 20 islands centered on Jangdo Island.
Jeju Volcanic Island and Lava Tubes (Designated 2007)
Jeju Island was formed through volcanic activity over 1.8 million years ago. As such, the island is a valuable asset in research of geological features and topography of volcanic landforms such as volcanic cones and lava tubes. Hallasan Mountain in Jeju is the tallest mountain in Korea with gentle slopes formed by eons of volcanic activity
Jeju & Korea UNESCO nature heritages
Jeju Island was designated a National Biosphere conservation area in 2002, a World Natural Heritage site in 2007, and received Global Geopark Network certification in 2010. It is the only area in the world that has achieved these three accolades at the same time. In addition, Jeju benefits from a wide range of ecological and geological features. This includes islands, volcanoes, waterfalls, beaches, national parks, caves and forests. Jeju Island is an oval shaped island about 73km x 31km, totaling some 1,848km2. At a height of 1,950 meters, Hallasan Mountain towers over the island at its center. Its volcanic origins give Jeju a variety of unique topographic features, making the entire island a “volcano museum.” Some 368 volcanic cones, or oreum, dot the island. There are an estimated 160 subterranean lava caves/tubes scattered all through the island.
Hallasan Mountain was believed to have erupted 25,000 years ago, and the 360 or so volcanic cones surrounding the mountain present a unique view.Reaching to a height of 1,950 meters, Hallasan Mountain is the tallest mountain in Korea with gentle slopes formed by eons of volcanic activity. There are around 40 parasitic volcanoes which formed in the surrounding area. A variety of animals and plants inhabit the slopes, including the largest forest of Korean fir trees (Abies Koreana) in the world.
Manjanggul Lava Tube
The total length of Manjanggul Lava Tube is about 7.4km. It is a lava tube that is partially multilayered. The main tunnel’s width is 18m and its height is 23m. It is one of the largest lava tubes in the world. There are many lava tubes in the world, but Manjanggul Lava Tube has a significant meaning in that it was formed thousands of years ago, and it is very well preserved. Therefore, it is very valuable to researchers and scientists. Due to the sinking of the ceiling, there are 3 entrances. The one that tourists can use is the second entrance and they are only allowed to go as far as 1km into it. There are various cave formations in Lava Tunnel in Manjanggul Lava Tube, such as stalactites, stalagmites, flowstones, lava tubes, lava shelves, and lava rafts. In particular, the lava column that is located at the end of the tourist area is about 7.6m high and is known as the highest lava column in the world.
Seongsan Ilchulbong Peak
Seongsan Ilchulbong Peak, which is 180m above sea level, erupted underwater in the ocean about 5,000 years ago,
which makes it a very rare case among the many craters in Jejudo Island.A scene in the movie ‘Lee Chang-ho’s Baseball Team’ (directed by Lee Chang-ho) was filmed here.Though people used to farm in the area, it is now a natural habitat for 200 types of vegetation such as silvergrass, vine, Pseudosasa japonica, and giant angelica as well as a natural habitat for a variety of wild animals.
Hope these information help you to travel Korea UNESCO nature heritage sites!